Prolotherapy Chicago

Prolotherapy is a medical treatment for musculoskeletal pain and injuries. It is a non-surgical treatment method that aims to stimulate the body’s natural healing process by injecting an irritant solution into the affected area. The word “prolo” is short for proliferation, which means to grow or increase. In prolotherapy, the goal is to increase the growth and strength of ligaments and tendons, which can become damaged and weakened due to injury or degenerative conditions.

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How Does Prolotherapy Work?

Prolotherapy involves the injection of a solution of irritant substances into the affected area. The solution is typically made up of a combination of local anesthetics, dextrose, and other ingredients. The irritant solution causes a controlled inflammatory response in the area, which triggers the body’s natural healing response.

The irritant solution acts as a signal to the body that there is a problem in the affected area. This triggers the release of growth factors and other substances that stimulate the production of new collagen, which is the primary component of ligaments and tendons. Over time, the new collagen strengthens and stabilizes the damaged area, reducing pain and improving function.

The exact mechanism by which prolotherapy works is not fully understood, but it is believed to work through several different pathways, including:

Increased blood flow: The injection of the irritant solution stimulates blood flow to the area, which brings in nutrients and oxygen that are essential for healing.

Stimulation of stem cells: The irritant solution may also stimulate the production and activation of stem cells, which can differentiate into cells that are needed for tissue repair.

Production of growth factors: The inflammatory response triggered by the irritant solution also stimulates the production of growth factors, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), which are essential for tissue repair.

Promotion of tissue remodeling: Prolotherapy also promotes tissue remodeling by stimulating the production of new collagen and other extracellular matrix components.

Prolotherapy has been used as a medical treatment for over 80 years and has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including chronic low back pain, neck pain, knee pain, and shoulder pain.

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